Milk and weight management
Physical activity and a healthy and varied diet are important in maintaining a healthy weight. People who eat and drink more than the energy they expend will gain weight, no matter what they eat or drink. Some people believe that dairy foods like, milk, yoghurt and cheese are fattening. However science does not support this.
Sustainable as well as healthy food
Due to a growing world population and increasing prosperity, the demand for good nutrition that provides an optimal intake of nutrients is growing. This affects the environmental impact. Feeding the growing world population in a responsible way requires sustainable and healthy nutrition, or in other words, a sustainable diet. Being a staple food product, milk fits in well with a healthy and sustainable diet.
The association between dairy product consumption and health outcomes in children and adolescents in developed countries
Dairy products are part of a nutrient-rich and balanced diet and are associated with diets of higher nutritional quality when consumed in sufficient amounts. They contribute to positive health outcomes by providing energy, high-quality protein, micronutrients, and bioactive compounds. Micronutrients available in dairy products include calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iodine, zinc, potassium, vitamin A, vitamin D, vitamin B12, and vitamin B2 (riboflavin). Thus, the consumption of dairy products
Health benefits for consumers
Milk is an important component in a healthy diet and it is needed during all stages of life. Research has proven the benefits of milk, a summary of which can be found below.
Consumption of dairy products in relation to body weight and composition
Three recent meta-analyses are available that address the role of dairy products with respect to body weight (BW) and/or body composition (BC) in adults. The meta-analyses of Abargouei et al1 (14 RCTs ; 883 adults) and Chen et al2 (29 RCTs ; 2101 adults) are partly overlapping with regard to the selection of studies, with the first only selecting studies with BW as primary outcome, whereas the latter also added studies with BW as secondary parameter.
Diets helping to maintain a healthy blood pressure
The DASH eating plan has been developed in the US as an approach to reduce elevated blood pressure through appropriate dietary choices (DASH = Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension). Randomized trials have shown which food categories help in establishing and maintaining a healthy blood pressure.
Dairy products are part of food-based dietary guidelines around the globe
Food-based dietary guidelines from all over the world recommend consuming dairy on a daily basis as part of a healthy diet. From Europe and Asia through to Africa and the Americas, milk and milk products are perceived as an important source of nutrients to comply with the dietary recommendations for all stages of life.
Dairy and bone physiology
Bone is a composite material made up principally of proteins and calcium phosphate. Other bone components include sodium, magnesium, potassium and zinc. Getting just the right mix of nutrients is important for maintaining strong bones. In addition to calcium, vitamin D, phosphorus, magnesium and protein are all important for keeping our bones healthy. All of the aforementioned mineral elements provide bones with their strength and rigidity.
The history of dairy
Crop farmers and cattle farmers first began to keep cows about 10,000 years ago. They discovered that cows can convert grass, which is indigestible for humans, into the valuable food product milk. This was the perfect solution for people in areas where no other crops could grow.
Protein and muscle health
Body proteins are continually being broken down and synthesised. This process of protein turnover (about 300 g/day in adults) is many times higher than the amount of proteins consumed from the diet. This indicates that the building blocks of the proteins, the amino acids, are reutilised in protein metabolism. Yet, part of the amino acids is lost in the form of nitrogen compounds through urine, faeces, sweating and via the skin, hair and nails. The body needs to compensate for these losses throug