Nutritional status of children aged 0.5 to 12 years in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam: South East Asia Nutrition Survey…
Double burden of malnutrition is defined as the persistence of undernutrition and the rapid rise in overweight and obesity. The usual pattern of malnutrition was undernutrition being more prevalent in developing countries while obesity was a common occurrence in developed countries. However, with rapid urbanization, unlimited food access, and lifestyle changes, a trend towards increasing incidence of overweight and obesity has been observed in developing countries.1
Nourishing the Infant and Child: Aiming for Effect Beyond Growth
Early nutrition in utero and in childhood have direct and indirect effects on an infant’s brain growth, development and immunity, which in turn impact the child’s long-term cognitive performance and physical health. These effects are influenced by specific nutrients and the timing at which they are delivered during early life.
SEANUTS Indonesia: Health status of Indonesian children
The South East Asian Nutrition Surveys (SEANUTS) is a large nutritional study conducted in several countries in Southeast Asia (1). For Indonesia SEANUTS was conducted in 48 districts/cities in 2011, using a cross-sectional design. The total study population consisted of 7211 children aged 0.5-12 years, who lived in both rural and urban areas (2). SEANUTS aimed to provide insight into the health status of children by measuring dietary intakes, food habits, nutritional status, growth, body co
Dietary intake of children aged 0.5 to 12 years in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam: South East Asia Nutrition Survey…
Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) refers to the daily intake level of a nutrient that is sufficient to meet the requirements of approximately 97 to 99% apparently healthy individuals in an age- and sex-specific population. In addition to anthropometric studies and biochemical analysis, determining a population’s food intake in relation to the RDA is an adjunct in interpreting nutritional status and determining a possible cause of malnutrition.
Promoting GI Tolerance through Appropriate Nutrition
Human breastmilk, with its unique combination of nutrients and other functionally active components, is the optimal nutrition for infants. When cow milk-based formulas are used to supplement infant feeding, it is important to note that the normal digestion and absorption of nutrients in these formulas involve interaction of the gastrointestinal tract with the proteins, carbohydrates (e.g., lactose), fats, prebiotics and probiotics found in each infant formula.
SEANUTS: Relationship between anthropometric indicators and cognitive performance in Southeast Asian school-aged children
Malnutrition together with poverty and sickness, affect the physical growth, behavior and learning abilities of children and adolescents. More than 200 million children
Dietary Options in the Management of Functional GI Disorders in Infants
Functional gastrointestinal (GI) disorders are disorders of GI function (e.g., GI motility) wherein the symptoms cannot be attributed to another medical condition after appropriate medical evaluation (1). Among infants, the most commonly encountered functional GI disorders are infant regurgitation, infant colic and constipation.
Childhood obesity and suboptimal nourishment status: The case of vitamin D
Vitamin D seems to play a role in several body functions, beyond bone health, in early childhood. Since most circulating vitamin D is synthesized endogenously through sunlight exposure, it was believed that latitude would mainly influence its levels. Nowadays, there is growing evidence that obesity coexists with suboptimal vitamin D status. Although there is no clear explanation regarding this association, low vitamin D intake, limited exposure to sunlight and sequestration of vitamin D in the a
Selection of SEANUTS presentations regional conference 6-7 November 2012
On 6 and 7 November last year, a regional conference was organized to present the preliminary results of the SEANUTS study and discuss current updates on childhood nutrition and development. The study investigated the dietary intake, nutritional status and physical activity and cognition levels of more than 16,000 children aged 6 months to 12 years. The Proceedings summarizes the presentations of international experts and take out messages of the conference.
Childhood obesity and suboptimal nourishment status: The case of iron deficiency
Iron deficiency is one of the most common nutritional deficiencies worldwide. While in developing countries inadequate diet or low iron intake is the main reason behind iron deficiency, this cannot explain the high prevalence of this deficiency among overweight and obese children in developed countries. Possibly, the inflammation status related to the increased fat mass among these subjects may mediate the suboptimal iron levels and consequently increase the risk for iron deficiency and iron def