Nutrient needs in the first year of life
The first year of a child’s life is a critical window during which not only the foundations for healthy growth and development are built, but also it determines long term adult health. Adequate infant feeding is a major determinant of health in this period which ensures growth, health and development to their full potential.
Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders in the first 4 years of Life: The new Rome IV criteria
There are new insights to be gained in the area of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) in infants and toddlers since the publication of the 2006 Rome III Guidelines. Developed by an international working group fronted by Professor Marc A. Benninga in Rome, Italy, the paediatric diagnostic criteria that were recently updated to the fourth edition will provide further understanding of how FGIDs in children under 5 years of age can be effectively managed.
Insights into child nutritional status and programmes in Malaysia
A presentation by Dr. Khor Geok Lin.
Nutrients for brain development
Brain development is a long term process, with different parts and functions of the brain developing at different time points in childhood. Especially during the first years of life, the brain is undergoing rapid development. During this phase, adequate dietary intake is of special importance for the developing brain, with nutrients like iron, iodine and omega-3 and omega 6 fatty acids playing a vital role.
Growth and nutritional needs of preterm infants
The survival rate for children born prematurely has increased substantially during the last two decades due to improved care and nutrition. Nowadays it is widely recognized that preterm infants have special nutritional needs. The major nutritional goal for these infants is to achieve growth similar to fetal growth, together with adequate functional development.
Nutrition and health status of children – What is the scientific basis?
A presentation by Dr. Martin W. Bloem.
Macronutrients for toddlers: recommendations and role in growth and development
The recognition that the behavioral and physiological changes as well as the increasing levels of physical activity of toddlers require sufficient energy and macronutrient intake, have led to the development of recommendations for macronutrient intakes. Achieving the recommended intakes is vital to meet the energy needs and ensure optimum growth and development of muscles, bones and brain tissue.
Feeding preterm infants after hospital discharge
The survival of small premature infants has markedly improved during the last few decades. Preterm infants are generally discharged from hospital care earlier than before, with body weights far below typical birth weights of healthy term infants. Such infants may require special nutritional regimens or special post-discharge formulae instead of regular nutrition. However, this is a question that is still the subject of ongoing discussion and research.
Nutritional status of children in South East Asia – Do we need more information?
A presentation by Dr. Corazon VC Barba
Vitamin D: role in growth and development and recommendations
Vitamin D is one of the key nutrients contributing to normal skeleton development from the very early life stages. A vitamin D level in the body (measured as 25-hydroxy vitamin D in blood serum) of ≥50nmol/L for young children has been defined by most scientific organizations as the optimum threshold for vitamin D status. Since these levels can be achieved with a vitamin D-intake of 15μg/day, this intake has recently in the US been defined as the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA).